Economy and environment
You should spend about 40 minutes onthis task.
In many developing countries, thedevelopment of national economy is often achieved at the expense ofenvironmental pollution.
To what extent should economic planningbe influenced by the need for environmental conservation? Give your reasons andexamples.
Write at least 250 words.
It is a sad fact that many developingcountries, in their eagerness to improve their national economies, often tendto overlook the importance of environmental protection. From my point of view,economic development should be achieved without damaging the naturalenvironment and the idea of environmental conservation must be incorporatedinto any economic planning.
Main Body 1
The most obvious reason for takingenvironmental protection into consideration is that a clean and fresh naturalenvironment is beneficial to the health of working people, who are the maincreators of economic prosperity. It must be realized that healthy citizens,rather than any economic system or strategy, are the foundations of a thrivingnational economy. And it is impossible to conceive of any economic developmentachieved by people who are afflicted with ailments. Therefore, creating andpreserving a pleasant environment for all humans is the first step to improvethe national economy, without which any seemingly wise economic planning wouldbe meaningless.
Main Body 2
On the other hand, in order to hasten thepace of economic development in a particular region, many governments oftenformulate industrial strategies without careful consideration of theirenvironmental consequences. As a result, the local environment is seriouslypolluted, water supplies are severely contaminated, and many species are facingimminent extinction. Although the local economy may be significantly promoted,the ecological catastrophe will take its heavy toll in the long run. Forinstance, China has witnessed rapid economic development in recent years, but theother side of the equation is that the country has to spend billions of dollarsannually in repairing the damage of the environmental degradation nationwide.
To sum up, the condition of a country’snatural environment is closely associated with the ups and downs of itsnational economy. Therefore, it is advisable that the notion of environmentalprotection should be integrated into any economic planning. Governmentofficials, especially those who are decision-makers, must raise theirenvironmental consciousness to a higher level.